5.26. Example - Custom Bar Colors Using the Data Color Callback

This example uses the data_color callback to customize the colors in a bar chart. The goal is to have the bar colors depend on the value of the bar (rather than the position of the bar in the bar group). Bars above 80% will be drawn in green, bars below 60% will be red, and bars in between those two values will be yellow.

The function pickcolor is the data_color callback. It accesses the data array using its pass-through argument, indexing into it with the current row and column. (Note col+1 is used to skip over the row label.) It then checks the data value, and returns an index into the data colors array: 0, 1, or 2, depending on the value.

Using the data color callback is described in Section 4.5, “Custom Data Color Selection”. More information on callbacks can be found in Section 4.4, “Callbacks”.

Example 5.26. Custom Bar Colors Using the Data Color Callback

Custom Bar Colors Example
# PHPlot Example: Bar chart with bar color depending on value
require_once 'phplot.php';

# Callback for picking a data color.
# PHPlot will call this every time it needs a data color.
# This returns a color index which depends on the data value.
# Color 0 is for values >= 80%, 1 is for >= 60%, 2 is for < 60%.
# The data_array must have 'text-data' type.
function pickcolor($img, $data_array, $row, $col)
  $d = $data_array[$row][$col+1]; // col+1 skips over the row's label
  if ($d >= 80) return 0;
  if ($d >= 60) return 1;
  return 2;

# The data array has our monthly performance as a percentage.
$data = array(
    array('Jan',  95), array('Feb',  75), array('Mar',  83),
    array('Apr',  66), array('May',  90), array('Jun',  80),
    array('Jul',  70), array('Aug',  50), array('Sep',  60),
    array('Oct',  70), array('Nov',  80), array('Dec',  45),

$plot = new PHPlot(800, 600);
$plot->SetImageBorderType('plain'); // Improves presentation in the manual
$plot->SetTitle('Monthly Performance Rating');

# Turn off X Tick labels which have no meaning here.

# Force the Y axis to be exactly 0:100
$plot->SetPlotAreaWorld(NULL, 0, NULL, 100);

# Establish the function 'pickcolor' as a data color selection callback.
# Set the $data array as the pass-through argument, so the function has
# access to the data values without relying on global variables.
$plot->SetCallback('data_color', 'pickcolor', $data);

# The three colors are meaningful to the data color callback.
$plot->SetDataColors(array('green', 'yellow', 'red'));

# The legend will explain the use of the 3 colors.
$plot->SetLegend(array('Exceeded expectations', 'Met expectations',
  'Failed to meet expectations'));


SourceForge.net Logo

This version of the manual was produced for the PHPlot Sourceforge project web service site, which requires the logo on each page.

To download a logo-free copy of the manual, see the PHPlot project downloads area.